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The Science

Research Studies on Floatation Therapy or REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy)

 

A

Adams, H. B. Arousability and the Nature of Alcohol and Substance Abuse, 1988

 

Adams, H. B. Therapeutic Potentialities of Sensory Deprivation Procedures International Mental Health Research Newspaper 6(4), 7-9 1964

 

Adams, H.B. The Incredible History of REST Technology Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.11-28. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press, 1990

 

Adams, H. B. Effects of reduced stimulation on institutionalized adult patients "In P. Suedfeld, Restricted Environmental Stimulation."" Research and Clinical Applications.

New York: Wiley, pp. 320-364." 1980

 

Adams, H. B. Studies in REST III: REST, Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 5, 77-81 1988

 

Adams, H. B. Studies in REST: Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse Report for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service 1987

 

Adams, H. B. Robertson, M. H.,  Cooper, G. D. Facilitating Therapeutic personality change in patients by sensory deprivation. Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology 1963

 

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Carrerra, R. N. Individual differences in behavioral reactions of psychiatric patients to brief partial sensory deprivation Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 199-217 1972

 

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Scott, J. C. REST and reduced alcohol consumption Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on REST 1987

 

Åsenlöf, K., Olsson, S., Bood, S. Å., & Norlander, T. Case studies on fibromyalgia and burn-out depression using psychotherapy in combination with flotation-REST: Personality development and increased well-being. "Imagination, Cognition and Personality" 2007

 

 Atkinson R. "Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhancement Performance on a Signal-Detection Task." "Clinical and Experimental Restricted

Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.93-100.  New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

Azima, H., Vispo, R.; Azima, F.J. "Observations on anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation.""In P. Solomon, P E. Kubzansky, P. H. Leiderman, J. H. Mendelson, R. Trumbull & D. Wexler, Eds., Sensory Deprivation, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 143-160." 1961

 

B

 

Baker D.A The Effects of REST and Hemispheric Synchronization Compared to the Effects of REST and Guided Imagery on the Enhancement of Creativity in Problem-Solving 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.122-126. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications 1987

 

Baker D.A The Use of REST in the Enhancement of Sports Performance-Tennis. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.181-187. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press" 1990

 

Ballard E. REST in the Treatment of Persistent Psychophysiological Insomnia Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments andPerspectives. pp. 187-203 1993

 

Barabasz M., Barabasz A. & Dyer R. Chamber REST Reduces Alcohol Consumption: 3,6, 12 and 24 Hour Sessions 1993

 

Barabasz A.F. & Barabasz M. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives 1993

 

Barabasz, Arreed E. Effects of Brief and Long Term REST on Conformity of Perception of Figure Inversion Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Barabasz A., Barabasz M., Dyer R. & Rather N. Effects of Chamber REST, Flotation REST and Relaxation on Transient Mood State 1993

 

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. REST: A Key Facilitator in the Treatment of Eating Disorders  1993

 

Barabasz, A., Barabasz M., Bauman J. Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 867-873. 1993

 

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. Treatment of Trichotillomania and Smoking with Hypnosis and REST 1993

 

Barabasz A.F., Barabasz M. Controlling Experimental and Situational Demand Variables in Restricted Environmental Stimulation Research Second International Conference on REST, pp. 110-121 1987

 

Barabasz, A. F.   "Restricted environmental stimulation and the enhancement of hypnotizability: pain,

EEG alpha, skin conductance and temperature responses" International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 30, 147-166."1982

 

Barabasz, A.F.; Barabasz, M. Effects of restricted environmental stimulation: enhancement of hypnotizability for experimental and chronic pain control. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis: July 1989; 37(3):217-31. 1989

 

Barabasz M., O'Neill M. & Scoggin G. The Physiological Panic Button: New Data Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 112-119. 1990

 

Barabasz M., O’Neill M., Scoggin G. The Physiological panic Button: New Data Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.112-119. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press. 1990

 

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A.; Darakjy-Jaeger, J.; Justice, T.; Anderson, K.; Trevisan, M. The Effects of Dry Floatation REST on Hypnotizability, EEG and Skin Conductance in Lighted and Unlighted Conditions Washington State University, Pullman, WA NA

 

Barabasz, A.; Barabasz, M.; Warner, D.; and Bauman, J. The Effects of Dry Floatation REST on Marksmanship Performance: More Data Washington State University, Pullman, WA

 

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A. REST Effects on Human Performance Washington State University, Pullman, WA

 

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. REST Effects on Human Performance "6th International REST Conference. San Francisco." 1997

 

Barabasz, A. F. and Barabasz, M. The effects of consecutive floats and their timing on premenstrual syndrome; Jessen, Walter.; Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation 1993

 

Belden, Allen, and Gregg Jacobs REST in a Hospital-Based Stress Management Program Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Best, J.A. Satiation and sensory deprivation combined in smoking therapy: Some case studies and unexpected side-effects, International Journal of Addiction, Vol. 12, pp. 337-359 1977

 

Bexton, W.H., Heron, W., & Scott, T.H. Effects of Decreased Variation in the sensory environment Effects of Canadian Journal of Psychology, 8, 70—76. Copyright 1954.

Canadian Psychological Association 1954

 

Bond J. To float or not to float... is that the question? How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks. How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks. 1997

 

Bonk, Richard Altered States: From Fiction to Fact: Introducing the Altered Waking States Induction Method Wellness Center Etc., Inc. NA

 

Bood, S. Å. Bending and mending the neurosignature. Frameworks of influence by flotation-REST (Restricted environmental stimulation technique) upon wellbeing in patients with stress related ailments "Doctoral dissertation, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden. ISSN 1403-8099." 2007

 

Bood, S.A. Floating Effective for Stress and Pain, Research Suggests, Science Daily (Nov. 6, ‘07)

 

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T. Effects of REST(Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on Stress related muscle pain: Are 33 flotationsessions more effective than 12 sessions? Personality and Behaviour, 35, 143-156 2007

 

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Norlander, T., Nordström, L., Nordenström, K., Kjellgren, A., et al.

"Eliciting the relaxation response with help of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in patients with stress related ailments." International Journal of Stress Management, 13, 154-175. 2006

 

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T."Effects of flotation-REST

(Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on stress related muscle pain: What makes the difference in therapy, attention-placebo, or the relaxation response?" Pain Research and Mangement; 2005 Winter;10(4):201-9. 2005

 

Borrie R.A. Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy used in Weight Reduction 1985

 

Roderick Borrie, Ph.D. A Proposal for an International Floatation Project 2010

 

Borrie R. The Benefits of Flotation REST in a Pain Management Program 1997

 

Borrie, Roderick Ph.D. A Proposal for an International Floatation Project This proposal was developed as a cooperative effort by the participants of the 2010 Floatation Summit in London. That this proposal materialized is a statement of the high level of cooperation that occurred at this meeting. 2010

 

Borrie, Roderick Ph.D. Toward Wider Clinical Use of Flotation REST This paper was presented September 25, 2010 at the 2010 Flotation Summit in London, UK. 2010

 

Borrie, R.A. The Benefits of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental StimulationTherapy) in a Pain Management Program. 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco. 1997

Borrie, R.A. The use of restricted environmental stimulation therapy in treating addictive behaviors. International Journal on Addiction, 1990-91;25(7A-8A):995-1015. 1990

 

Borrie, Dr. Roderick and Dr. Tamara Russell Floatation REST Therapy Results in Pain Relief and Relaxation for Fibromyalgia Patients 2011

 

Borrie R., Dana J., Perry S., & Friedman M. Flotation REST, Physical Therapy and Psychological Intervention in the Treatment of Physical Disabilities Clinical and ExperimentalRestricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 289-296 1993

 

Borrie RA, Suedfeld P. Restricted environmental stimulation therapy in a weight reduction program 1980

 

Brockmeyer, Arthur Floating and Asthma Reduction: A Case Study and Baseline Study Formula Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado  1983

 

Bross, Michael A Cybernetic Model of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Effects  1990

 

Bross, M. & Zubek, J.P. Progressive increase in the CFF of the non-occluded eye during prolonged monocular deprivation Canadian Journal of Psychology 1972

 

Brownfield C. Slow REST or Fast Drugs: Meditation or Medication 1993

 

Bruno, J. J., Heilbronner, R., Fine, T, H. & Turner, J. W. "The use of subjective reports from REST: towards a developmental systems framework." "Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-regulation." 1985

 

Budzynski T.H. Hemespheric Asymmetry and REST Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST. pp.2-21 1990

 

Budzynski T.H. A brain lateralization model for REST "Paper read at the First  International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver, March." 1983

C

Cahn H.A. Sensory Isolation used with Cognition Modification Training to Restore Medically  Declared Unfit Persons to Duty and Reduce Absenteeism in City of Phoenix Maintenance Workers "First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.167-178" 1985

 

Cahn, Harold A Novel Application of Sensory Isolation: Tank Training to Reduce Sickness Abstenteeism in City of Phoenix Employees Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

Christensen, D.; Barabasz, M. Effects of REST and Natural Environment Videos on Recovery from Induced Stress Washington State University, Pullman, WA NA

 

Cohen, S.I.; Silverman, A.J.; Shmavonian, B.M. Psychophysiological Studies in Altered Sensory Environments Journal of Psychomatic Research, 1962, 6, 259-281   1962

 

Cooper, G.D., Adams, H.B., & Scott, J.C. Studies in REST I: Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy and Reduced Alcohol Consumption Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1988

 

Coren, S., Suedfeld P. Data vc Drama: Introductory Psychology Textbook’s View of REST Research Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary pp. 62-69   1990

 

Crawford H. Psychological Comparisons of REST and Hypnosis: Implications for Future Research. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 175-186.

D

David B. A Pilot Test of REST as a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Abusers 1997

 

Davidson, D.M.; Winchester, M.A.; Taylor, C.B., Alderman, E.A.; & Ingles, N.B. Effects of Relaxation Therapy on Cardiac-Performance and Sympatheric Activity in Patients with Organic Heart Disease Psychosomatic Medicine, 1979, 41, 303-309 1980

 

Deaton, JE Effectiveness of isolation in the reduction of cigarette smoking [no source provided]148:750-753. 1983

 

Delmonte, M.M. Psychological Responses During Meditation and REST Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 9 (2), 181-200 1984

 

DiRito D. Motivational Factors in Alcohol Consumption: Extending Hull's Model    1993

 

Doré R. Shefransky, A. Betsy McCormick, Thomas H. Fine and John W. Turner, Jr.

Rheumatoid arthritis   Medical College of Ohio Toledo, Ohio

 

Dyer R., Barabasz A. & Barabasz M. Twenty-Four Hours of Chamber REST Produces Specific Food Aversions in Obese Females 1993

E

Edebol, Hanna; Bood, Ake Bood, Sven; Norlander, Torsten Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders and Their Treatment Using Floatation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) Qualitative Health Research 2008

 

Edebol, Hanna; Nordén, Tommy; Norlander, Torsten. Behavior Change and Pain Relief in Chronic Whiplash Associated Disorder Grade IV Using Flotation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique: A Case Report.  Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 206-216. 2013

 

Eichorn, D. Auditory Signal Detection in Various Levels of Restricted Environmental Stimulation University of British Columbia NA

 

Ewy G., Sershon P., Freundlich T. The Presence or Absence of Light in the REST Experience: qEffects on Plasma Cortisol, Blood Pressure and Mood. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 120-133. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press. 1990

F

Fine T. & Bruno J. Flotation REST and Smoking Cessation: A Preliminary Report 1985

 

Fine T.& Turner J.W. "The Effect of Flotation REST on EMG Biofeedback and Plasma Cortisol" 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.148-155. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1987

 

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation   1983

 

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. 2nd International Conference on REST 1985

 

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary 1990

 

Fine T. & Turner J.W. "The Use of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) in the Treatment of Essential Hypertension." "First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.136-143. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1985

 

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. The Effects of Brief Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in the Treatment of Hypertension Behavioral Therapist, 1982, 250, 567-570 1982

 

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. Rest-assisted Relaxation and Chronic Pain Proceedings of the III International Congress on Psychology 1985

 

Fine T., Mills D, Turner J. Jr. Differential Effects of Wet and Dry Flotation REST on EEG Frequency and Amplitude. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.205-213. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1993

 

Fine, Thomas; Mills, Donna; Turner, John Jr. Differential Effects of Wet and Dry Floatation REST on EEG Frequency and Amplitude pdf 1993

 

Fine, Thomas H., M.A. and Borrie,  Roderick, Ph.D. Flotation REST in Applied Psychophysiology

 

Fine, T.H.; McCormick, B.A.; Shefransky, D.O.; and Turner, J.W. PhD. Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy on Cortisol, Pain, and Indices of inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritics Medical College of Ohio, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Physiology.

 

Forgays, Donald G.; Forgays, Deborah K. Creativity Enhancement Through Floatation Isolation Journal of Environmental Psychology 1992

 

Forgays, Donald G.; Belinson, MJ Is Floatation Isolation a Relaxing Environment? Journal of Environmental Psychology 1986

 

Foster D.S. Ph.D EEG and Subjective Correlates of Alpha Frequency Binaural BeatsStimulation Combined with Alpha Biofeedback. 6th International REST Conference 1990

 

Francis W.D. & Stanley J.M. "The Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation on Physiological and Cognitive Indices" "First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.40-49. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1985

 

Fuerst, K. and Zubek, J. P. "Effects of sensory and perceptual deprivation on a battery of open-ended cognitive tasks."   Canadian Journal of Psychology, 22, 122-130. 1968

G

Goldstein D.D. & Jessen W.E. Flotation Effect on Premenstrual Syndrome Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 260-266 1990

 

Grant, Mark Sensory Deprivation and Schizophrenia Journal of Mental Science, Vol. 105, pp. 235-237 1959

 

Grunberg N.E. Potential Applications of Restricted Environmental Stimulus Therapy in Behavioral Health "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.36-50. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

H

Hanna, I.D.; Burns, N.M.; Tiller, P.R. Behavioral and physiological response to varying periods of sensory deprivation Air Crew Equipment Laboratory, U.S. Naval Air Material Center, Philadelphia, Bureau of Medicine, 1963, MR005, 13-066.6 1963

 

Harrison J. & Barabasz A. REST as a Treatment for Children with Autism Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.269-280. 1993

 

Helmreich N.E. The Critical Role of Personality and Organizational Factors as Determinants of Reactions to Restricted and Stressful Environments 1990

 

Heron, W., W. H. Bexton, and D.O. Hebb Cognitive Effects of a Decreased Variation to the Sensory Environment Book: The Deep Self 1953

 

Hill, S.; Eckett, M.J.H.; Peterson, C.; Harkness, E.F. "A pilot study to evaluate the effects of floatation spa treatment on patients with osteoarthritis" Complementary Therapies in Medicine 1999

 

Holmes Atwater, F. Listening to Binaural Beats to Enhance the Effects of REST

 

Hood, R.W. Jr., Morris, R.J. Sensory Isolation and the Differential Eliciatioin of Religious Imagery in Intrinsic and Extrinsic Persons   1979

 

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying Effects of flotation therapy on relaxation and mental state

 

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying The origin and status quo of flotation therapy Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 1999; 7:248-252. 1999

 

Hu Pei-Cheng, Wang RR, Shang ZH Flotation therapy in treatment of patients with primary hypertension Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 2000; 14: 414-416 2000

 

Hunt, Terry Body-Centered Therapies: A Holographic Paradigm for Understanding REST 1990

J

Jacobs GD, Heilbronner RL, Stanley JM. The effects of short term flotation REST on relaxation: a controlled study. Health Psychol. 1984;3(2):99-112. 1984

 

Jacobs, Gregg, Stanley, John M., Heilbronner, Robert The Short-Term Flotation REST on Relaxation: A Controlled Study Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado. pp.179-185 1983

 

Jacobs G.D., Kemp J.C., Keane K.M.& Belden A.D.     A Preliminary Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital Based Stress Management Program Utilizing Flotation REST Biofeedback 1985

 

Jacobs, T. The effect of the floatation version of restricted environmental stimulation technique (REST) on Jazz Improvisation Music and Medicine, October 2011 3(4), p. 234-238 2011

 

Janda, Louis REST in the Treatment of Obesity Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Jessen, W. E. In-tank floatation therapy Restricted Environmental Stimulation (pp. 152-157). 1990

 

Jessen W.   The Effects of Consecutive Floats and Their Timing on Premenstrual Syndrome 1993

 

Justice, T.; Barabasz, A.; and Trevisan, M. Effects of Six Hours of Lighted and Light-Free Dry Floatation REST on Changes in Absorbtion and Mood State Washington State University, Pullman, WA NA

K

Kjellgren, Anette Relaxation in a floatation tank brings peace and quiet, increased well-being and reduced pain. The Swedish Research Council 05.11.2003 2003

 

Kjellgren, Anette The Experience of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimultation Technique): Consciousness, Creativity, Subjective Stress and Pain. "Doctoral dissertation, Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sweden. ISSN 1101-718X."    2003

 

Kjellgren, Anette; Lyden, Francisca; Norlander, Torsten Sensory Isolation in Flotation Tanks: Altered States of Consciousness and Effects on Well-being The Qualitative Report Volume 13 Number 4 December 2008 636-656 2008

L

Landon, P. B. & Suedfeld, P. Complex cognitive performance and sensory deprivation: completing the U-curve Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 601-602. 1972

 

Landström, A., Bood, S.Å., Kjellgren, A., & Norlander, T. Treating stress related pain in a clinical sample with flotation-REST:A further report on improvementson pain assessed by the Pain Area Inventory (PAI). Social Behaviour and Personality,35, 1279 1280 2007

 

Lee, A. B. & Hewitt, J. "Using visual imagery in a flotation tank to improve gymnastic performance and reduce physical symptoms."   International Journal of Sport Psychology 1987

 

Levin, J and Brody, N. Information-deprivation and creativity "Psychological Reports,

35, 231-237." 1974

M

Mahoney M.J. Applications of Flotation REST in Personal Development. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.174-180. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press 1990

 

Maier, W.J. Sensory Deprivation Therapy of an Autistic Boy American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 25, pp. 228-245 1970

 

Malowitz R., Tortora T. & Lehmann C.A. "Effects of Floating in a Saturated Epsom Salts Solution Disinfected with Bromine on the Aerobic Microbial Flora of the Skin" "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.139-150. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

 

McAleney, P. J., Barabasz, A. & Barabasz, M. "Effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation on intercollegiate tennis performance." Perceptual and Motor Skills 1990

 

McAlenay P. & Barabasz A. Effects of Flotation REST and Visual Imagery on Athletic Performance: Tennis "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.79-86. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

McCormick, B.A.; Shafransky, D.R.; Fine, T.H.; and Turner, J.W. Jr. Effects of Floatation REST on Serum Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritics Dept. of Physiology and Molecular Medicine, Medical College of Ohio, 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, OH 43699

 

McCormick B.A., Shafransky D.R., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. Effects of Flotation REST on Plasma Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritis 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco 1997

 

McGrady, A. Psychophysiological Regulation of Blood Pressure RestrictedEnvironmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 29-35 1990

 

Mee, S. A Neo-Dissociation Conceptualization of REST Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives pp. 1-16 1993

 

Melchiori L.G. & Barabasz A.F. Effects of Flotation REST on Simulated Instrument Flight Performance 1990

 

Mendelson, J.; Jubzansky, P.E.; Liederman, P.H.; Wexler, D.; Dutoit, D.; Soloman, P. Catecholamine excertion and behavior during sensory deprivation Archives of General Psychiatry, 1960, 116, 883-888 1960

Metcalfe J. & Suedfeld P. Enhancing the Creativity of Psychologists Through Flotation REST Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.204-212. Toledo, Ohio:

Medical College of Ohio Press 1990

 

Mereday C., Lehman C. & Borrie R. Flotation For The Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 255-259 1990

 

Miller M.F. & Barabasz M. Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation on Inversion Perception Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.86 - 93. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press 1990

 

Myers, T. I., Murphy, D. B., Smith, S. and Goffard. S. J. "Experimental studies of sensory deprivation and social isolation." "Human Resources Research Office Technical Report No. 66-68, George Washington University. Washington, D.C." 1966

N

Norlander, T., Gård, L., Lindholm, L., & Archer, T. "New age: Exploration of outlook–on–life frameworks from a phenomenological perspective" Mental Health, Religion, & Culture, 6, 1-20. 2003

 

Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T. "The experience of flotation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness." "Imagination, Cognition and Personality" 2001

 

Norlander, T., Bergman, H., & Archer, T. Effects of flotation REST on creative problem solving and originality "Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 399- 408." 1990

 

Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T. The experience of floatation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 20, 161-178. 2001

 

O

O'Leary, Daniel S., Robert L. Heilbronner Floatation REST and Information Processing: A Reaction-Time Study "Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Medical College of Ohio, pp. 50-61" 1983

 

Oleson, D. S. and Zubek, J. P. "The effect on one day of sensory deprivation on a battery of relatively unstructured cognitive tests" "Perceptual and Motor Skills, 31, 919-

923." 1970

 

O'Toole P. & Barabasz M. Effects of Rational Emotive Therapy and REST on Social Anxiety 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco., Washington State University, Pullman, WA 1997

 

P

Perry, Glenn A., and Lee Perry A Discussion of the Use of Floatation Tank in Public Settings for Commercial Uses Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Perry, G. and Perry, L. The personal nature of the REST experience "In T. H. Fine and J. W. Turner, Jr. (eds), Proceedings of the First International Con['erence on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Mcdical College of Ohio, pp. 194-197" 1985

 

Pudvah M.B. & Rzewnicki R. Six Months in the Tank: The Long-Term Effects of Flotation Isolation on State Anxiety, Hostility and Depression Restricted Environmental Stimulation:Research and Commentary. pp. 79-85 1990

 

R

Raab, J., & Gruzelier, J. "A controlled investigation of right hemispheric processing enhancement after restricted environmental stimulation (REST) with flotation" Psychological Medicine, 24, 457-462 1994

 

Ramirez C.E., Suedfeld P., Remick R.A. & Fleming J.A.E. Potential Beneficial Effect of REST on Patients with Electroconvulsive Therapy "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.188- 195. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

 

Ramirez Monzon, Carmenza REST and Smoking Cessation in a Latin American Country Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Randolfi, E.A. Ph.D. A Comparative Physiological and Psychometric Assessment of REST Floatation, Progressive Relaxation, and Light-Sound Stimulation Relaxation Training

 

Rand Walker, W. Freeman, R.F., Christensen, D.K.. Restricting Environmental Stimulation (REST) to enhance cognitive behavioral treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder with schizotypal personality disorder Behavior therapy, Vol 25(4), Autumn 1994, p.709-719 1994

 

Richardson, S. Enhancing Rowing Ergometer Performance Through Floatation REST

University of British Columbia

 

Richardson S. Enhancing Rowing Ergoer Performance Through Floatation REST 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco 1997

 

Richardson, Sean O. Imagery, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Enhancing Mental Training and Rowing Ergometer Performance through Flotation REST .doc 1999

 

Rossi, A. M., et al Operant Responding for Visual Stimuli during Sensory Deprivation: Effect of Meaningfulness Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 79, pp.188-193    1969

 

Ruzyla-Smith P. & Barabasz A. "Effects of Flotation REST on the Immune Response: T-Cells, B-Cells, Helper and Suppressor Cells." "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 223-238. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

Rzewnicki R., Wallbaum A.B.C., Steel H. & Suedfeld P. REST for Muscle Contraction Headaches: A Comparison of Two REST Environments Combined with Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.245-254. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

 

S

Schultz, Duane P. Sensory Restriction: Effects on Behavior New York: Academic Press 1965

 

Dr. Schürbrock Treatment of Psychosomatic Illnesses Through Mental Training and Floatations in Oxygenated Magnesium Sulfate Saturated Baths, For Instance in the Treatment of Chronic Relapsing Skin Diseases (Psoriasis, Neurodermatitis) 1996

 

Dr. Schurbruck, M.D., Dr. Bergman, M.D. Juergen Tapprich Treatment of psoriasis NA

 

Schwartz, G. Integrating Modern Physics, Psychobiology and REST: an AmusingSynthesis Derived from Systems Theory 2nd International Conference on REST. pp. 22-48 1982

 

Scott, Jacque Doctors Using Isolation Tanks as Medical Tool The Corridor Corral 1981

 

Shafransky D.R., McCormick B.A., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) on Serological Markers of Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritis 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco 1997

 

Shore, E. "Sensory deprivation; preconscious processes and scientific thinking." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry; 41, 574-580. 1971

 

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. Observations of anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation Solomon et al., Sensory deprivation (pp. 143-160) 1961

 

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. Sensory Deprivation: A Symposium Held at Harvard Medical School Harvard University Press 1961

 

Stanley J., Mahoney M., & Reppert S. REST and the Enhancement of Sports Performance: A Panel Presentation and Discussion "2nd International Conference on REST. pp.168-183. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1982

 

Stanley, John M., William D. Francis, and Heidi Berres The  on Cognitive Tasks Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado 1983

 

Steel G. "Relaxed and Alert: Patterns of T-Wave Amplitude and Heart Rate in a REST Environment." "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 249-260. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc."  1993

 

Steele, G.D. REST as a Capsule Experience: Implications for Future Research "Human and Leisure

Sciences; Lincoln University New Zealand"

 

Stern, Gary S., Ph.D Physiological and Mood Effects of Salt Water Floatation Periods Unpublished Paper NA

 

Suchurbruck, Dr.,  Dr. Berman & Tapprich J. Treatment of Psychosomatic Illnesses Through Mental Training and Floatations in Oxygenated Magnesium Sulfate Saturated Baths 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco. 1997

 

Suedfeld, P. Stimulus and Theoretical Reductionism: What Underlies REST Effects? Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 3 - 9. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1993

 

Suedfeld, P. The Benefits of Boredom: Sensory Deprivation Reconsidered American Scientist, Vol. 63, pp.60-69 1975

 

Suedfeld, P. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Clinical Applications NewYork, NY: Wiley & sons 1980

 

Suedfeld, P. Distress, No Stress, Anti-Stress, Eustress: Where Does REST Fit In? 1990

 

Suedfeld, P. Stimulus and Theoretical Reductionism: What Underlies REST Effects? 1993

 

Suedfeld, P. Restricted Environmental Stimulation and Smoking Cessation: A 15-Year Progress Report The International Journal of the Addictions, August, 25(8), 861-88 1990

 

Suedfeld, P. "Evanescence of Sensory Deprivation Effects: A comment on Oleson and Zubek's 'Effects of one day of sensory deprivation . . . . '" "Perceptual and Motor Skills, 33,

753 754." 1971

 

Suedfeld, P. Social isolation: a case for interdisciplinary research.   "Canadian Psychologist, 15, 1-15." 1974

 

Suedfeld, P. "The cognitive effects of sensory deprivation: the role of task complexity." Canadian Journal of Psychology 1968

 

Suedfeld, P. "Changes in intellectual performance and in susceptibilty to influence." "Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research." 1969

 

Suedfeld, P. Behavioral Applications of the Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique Social Psychology and Behavioral Medicine 1982

 

Suedfeld, P. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Technique/Therapy/Transcendence 1st International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.1-16. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications. 1985

Suedfeld, P. REST Research: The Past Few Years & Perhaps the Next Few 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.1 - 21. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications 1987

 

Suefeld, P. Birth order of volunteers for Sensory Deprivation Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 1964

 

Suefeld, P. & Baker Brown, G. Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy of Smoking: A Parametric Study Additive Behaviors, 12(3), p. 263-267 1987

 

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J., Baker-Brown, G. & Borrie, R. A. Flow of consciousness in restricted environmental stimulation. "hnagination. Cognition and Personality', 5, 219-230" 1985-1986

 

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J. and Murphy, M. "Water immersion and flotation: from stress experiment to stress treatment." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 147-155. 1983

 

Suedfeld P.; Borrie, R.A. Health and Therapeutic Applications of Chamber and Floatation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) Psychology and Health, 1999, Vol. 14, pp. 545-566 1999

 

Suedfeld, P. & Bruno, T. "Flotation REST and imagery in the improvement of athletic performance" "Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology" 1990

 

Suedfeld, Peter & Eric Eich Autobiographical Memory and Affect Under Conditions of Reduced Environmental Stimulation Journal of Environmental Psychology 1995

 

Suedfeld, Peter, and R. D. Hare Sensory deprivation in the treatment of snake phobia: behavioral, self-report, and physiological effects Behavioral Therapy, Vol. 8, pp.240-250 1977

 

Suefeld, P. & Kristeller, J.L. Stimulus Reduction as a Technique in Health Psychology Health Psychology, 1, 337 357 1983

 

Suedfeld, P. & Landon, P. B. "Motivational arousal and task complexity: support for a model of cognitive change in sensory deprivation" Journal of Experimental Psychology 1970

 

Suedfeld, P., Metcalfe, J. & Bluck, S. "Enhancement of scientific creativity by flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique)" Journal of Environmental Psychology (1987) 7, 219-231 1987

 

Suedfeld, P.; Mocellin, Jane S.P. The "Sensed Presence" in Unusual Environments Environment and Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 1, 33-52 (1987) 1987

 

Suedfeld P, Ramirez CE, Remick RA, Fleming JA. Reduction of post-ECT memory complaints through brief, partial restricted environmental stimulation (REST). Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1989;13(5):693-700. 1989

 

Suedfeld, P., Roy, C., Landon, P.B. Restricted Enviornmental Stimulation Therapy in the treatment of Essential Hypertension Behavioral Research Therapy, Vol 20 p. 553-559, Great Britian 1982

Suedfeld P. & Schwartz G. Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) as a Treatment for Autistic Children Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 4, #3, 196-201 1980

 

Suedfeld, P.; Steel, G. Daniel; Wallbaum, Alistair B.C.; Bluck, Susan; Livesey, Nigel; Capozzi,

Lorianna Psychology Explaining the Effects of Stimulus Restriction: Testing the Dynamic Hemispheric Asymmetry Hypothesis Journal of Environmental Psychology (1994) 14, 87-100 1994

 

Suedfeld P., Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST 1990

 

T

Taylor, T. "The effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy on learning: subjective evaluation and EEG measurements" First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp. 76-85 1985

 

Taylor T. Enhancement of Scientific Creativity by Floatation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy) Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation 1985

 

Taylor, Thomas E. Learning Studies for Higer Cognitive Levels in a Short-term Sensory Isolation Environment Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado 1983

 

Tenerowicz, David The Tank Center: A Culture Turns Inward. Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado 1983

 

Tetlock, P. E. and Suedfeld, P. "Inducing belief instability without a persuasive message:

the roles of attitude centrality, individual cognitive differences, and sensory deprivation" Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 8, 324-333. 1976

 

Tikalsky F.D. Restricted Environmental Stimulation, Relaxation Therapy, Social Support and Mental Imagery as a Treatment Regimen in Breast Cancer "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp267-271. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

 

Turner, John W. Hormones and REST: A Controlled Study of REST-Assisted Relaxation Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado 1983

 

Turner, J. W., & Fine, T. H. REST-assisted relaxation and chronic pain. Paper presented at the XXIII International Congress of Psychology, 1984

 

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas Effects of relaxation associated with brief restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) on plasma cortisol, ACTH, and LH. Biofeedback Self Regulation; March 1983; 8(1): pp.115-126 1983

 

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. "Hormonal Changes Associated with Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy." "First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.17-39. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1985

 

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas The Physiological Effects of Flotation REST "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 215-222. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. Restricted Environmental Stimulation Influences Plasma Cortisol Levels and Their Variability "Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.71-78. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press." 1990

 

Turner JW Jr, Fine T, Ewy G, Sershon P, Freundlich T. The presence or absence of light during flotation restricted environmental stimulation: effects on plasma cortisol, blood pressure, and mood. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 1989 Dec;14(4):291-300 1989

 

Turner J.W. Jr., Fine T. & Hamad N.M. Plasma Catecholamine Activity During Flotation REST 6th International REST Conference.San Francisco 1997

 

Turner, John W. Jr.; Fine, Thomas H.; McGrady, Angele; Higgins, James T. Effects of Biobehaviorally Assisted Relaxation Therapy on Blood Pressure and Hormone Levels and Their Variation in Normotensives and Essential Hypertensives "2nd International Conference on REST. pp.87-109. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications." 1987

 

Turner, John Jr.; DeLeon, Anna;  Gibson, Cathy; Fine, Thomas Effects of Flotation REST on Range Motion, Grip Strength and Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 297-306. 1993

 

Turner, John Jr.; Gerard, William; Hyland, John; Nieland, Pamela, Fine, Thomas Effects of Wet and Dry Floatation on Blood Pressure and Plasma Cortisol "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 239-248. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1985 or 1993

 

Turner J. Jr., Shroeder H. & Fine T.H. A Method for Continuous Blood Sampling During Flotation REST "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 261-267. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

V

Van Dierendonck, Dirk; Nijenhuis, Jan Te "Flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy

(REST) as a stress-management tool: A meta-analysis" Psychology and Health, 20, 405-412. 2005

 

Vartarian O.A. The Effects of Flotation REST on Musical Creativity 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco. 1997

 

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Wagaman, J.D., Barabasz, A.F., Barabasz, M. Floatation Tanks Enhance Visualization Effects Perceptual and Motor Skills 1991

 

Wagaman J. & Barabasz A. Flotation REST and Imagery in the Improvement of Collegiate Athletic Performance: Basketball "Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.87-92. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc." 1993

 

Wallbaum AB, Rzewnicki R, Steele H, Suedfeld P. Progressive muscle relaxation and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for chronic tension headache: a pilot study Int J Psychosom. 1991;38(1-4):33-9. 1991

 

Waring, R.H. Sulfate and Sulfation

 

Welch, R.B. Perceptual Modification: Adapting to Altered Sensory Environments  Academic Press   1978

 

Wickramasekera I. A Model of the Common "Active Ingredient" in Stress Reduction Techniques. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives 1993

 

Wickramsekera, Ian Sensory restriction and Self Hypnosis as Potentiators of Self-Regulation Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado 1983

 

Z

Zubek, J. (Ed.) Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research "New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts." 1969